- Class and Order
- Monandria Monogynia
- Generic Character
- Corolla 6-partita erecta: labio bipartito, revoluto. Stylus lanceolatus, corollæ adnatus. Calyx 3-phyllus.
- Specific Character and Synonyms
- CANNA Indica foliis ovatis utrinque acuminatis nervosis. Sp. Pl. 1. Ait. Kew. vol. 1. p. 1
- CANNACORUS. Rumph. amb. 5. p. 177. t. 71. f. 2
- ARUNDO indica latifolia. Bauh. Pin. 19
- CANNA Indica flore rubro. Red flowred Indian Reede. Park. Parad. p. 376.
The Canna indica, a native of both the Indies, is a plant greatly admired for the beauty of its foliage and flowers, and on that account generally cultivated; it has been called by some Indian Shot, from the roundness and hardness of its seeds.
We find it to have existed in our gardens in the time of Gerard, 1596. Parkinson was acquainted with that variety of it which has yellow spotted flowers: Prof. Martyn, in his edition of Miller's Dict. has quoted the chief of what these authors say of it, which as a matter of curiosity we shall here transcribe: "Gerard informs us, that in his time it was in the garden at Padua, that he had planted it in his garden divers times, but it never came to flowering; and that it must be set or sown in a pot, with fine earth, or in a bed made of horse-dung, in such manner as Cucumbers and Musk-Melons are: Parkinson says, in some kindly years this beautiful plant has borne its brave flowers, but never any ripe seed, and that it will not abide the extremities of our winters, unless it meet with a stove, or hot-house, such as are used in Germany; for neither house nor cellar will preserve it: Clusius saw it flowering by house-sides in Spain and Portugal, and says, that the inhabitants there use the seeds for making their rosaries."Mr. Aiton enumerates four varieties of it, viz. rubra, lutea, coccinea, and patens."Being a native of the warmest parts of America, it requires to be placed in a moderate stove in winter, where they always flower in that season, at which time they make a fine appearance, and in the summer place them abroad in a sheltered situation with other tender exotic plants, where they generally flower again, and produce ripe seeds annually." Mill. Dict."These plants will continue many years with proper management, but as young plants always flower better than the old root, so it is scarce worth while to continue them after they have borne good seeds, which should be sown on a hot-bed in the spring." Mill. Dict.