Tradescantia VirginicaVirginian Tradescantia or Spiderwort
- Class and Order
- Hexandria Monogynia
- Generic Character
- Calyx triphyllus. Petala 3. Filamenta villis articulatis. Capsula 3-locularis.
- Specific Character and Synonyms
- TRADESCANTIA Virginica erecta lævis, floribus congestis. Linn. Syst. Vegetab. ed. 14. Murr. p. 314. Sp. Pl. 411
- ALLIUM five moly Virginianum. Bauh. Pin. 506
- PHALANGIUM Ephemerum Virginianum Joannis Tradescant
- The soon-fading Spiderwort of Virginia, or Tradescant his Spiderwort. Park. Parad. 152. 5. t. 151. f. 4.
Under the name of Spiderwort, the old Botanists arranged many plants of very different genera: the name is said to have arisen from the supposed efficacy of some of these plants, in curing the bite of a kind of spider, called Phalangium; not the Phalangium of Linnæus, which is known to be perfectly harmless: under this name, Parkinson minutely describes it; he mentions also, how he first obtained it."This Spiderwort," says our venerable author, "is of late knowledge, and for it the Christian world is indebted unto that painful, industrious searcher, John Tradescant, who first received it of a friend that brought it out of Virginia, and hath imparted hereof, as of many other things, both to me and others."Tournefort afterwards gave it the name of Ephemerum, expressive of the short duration of its flowers, which Linnæus changed to Tradescantia.
Though a native of Virginia, it bears the severity of our climate uninjured, and being a beautiful, as well as hardy perennial, is found in almost every garden.