1. The Botanical Magazine
  2. The Botanical Magazine, Volume III

Hibiscus Syriacus

Syrian Hibiscus; commonly called Althæa Frutex
Class and Order
Monadelphia Polygynia
Generic Character
Calyx duplex, exterior polyphyllus. Capsula 5-locularis, polysperma.
Specific Character and Synonyms
HIBISCUS syriacus foliis cuneiformi ovatis superne incise-serratis, caule arboreo. Lin. Syst. Veg. p. 630
ALCEA arborescens syriaca. Bauh. Pin. p. 316
ALTHÆA frutex flore albo vel purpureo. Park. Par. p. 369.

The Hibiscus syriacus, known generally by the name of Althæa frutex, is a native of Syria, and forms one of the chief ornaments of our gardens in autumn; we view it, however, with less delight, as it is a sure indication of approaching winter.

There are many varieties of it mentioned by authors, as the purple, red-flowered, white-flowered, variegated red and white flowered, and the striped-flowered, to which may be added, another variety, lately introduced, with double flowers: it varies also in its foliage, which is sometimes marked with white, sometimes with yellow.

As from the lateness of its flowering, and the want of sufficient warmth, it rarely ripens its seeds with us; the usual mode of increasing it is by layers, and sometimes by cuttings; but the best plants are raised from seeds. Miller observes, that the scarce varieties may be propagated by grafting them on each other, which is the common method of propagating the sorts with striped leaves.

83Hibiscus Syriacus
Hibiscus Syriacus
Syrian Hibiscus; commonly called Althæa Frutex

Other species of the Hibiscus genus