1. The Botanical Magazine
  2. The Botanical Magazine, Volume VI

Melissa Grandiflora

Great-Flower'd Balm
Class and Order
Didynamia Gymnospermia
Generic Character
Cal. aridus, supra planiusculus; labio superiore subfastigiato. Corollæ lab. super. subfornicatum, 2-fidum; labium inf. lobo medio cordato.
Specific Character and Synonyms
MELISSA grandiflora pedunculis axillaribus dichotomis longitudine florum. Linn. Syst. Vegetab. ed. 14. Murr. p. 542. Ait. Kew. v. 2. p. 315
CALAMINTHA magno flore. Bauh. Pin. 229
CALAMINTHA montana præstantior. The more excellent Calamint. Ger. Herb. p. 556. as to the name. Ger. emac. 687. as to the figure.

The Melissa grandiflora, a beautiful and hardy perennial, grows spontaneously on the hilly and mountainous parts of France, Italy, and Germany; Gerard mentions it as found wild in this country, which stands in need of further confirmation; there is little doubt, however, but he had cultivated the plant; as he says, "brought into the garden, it prospereth marvellous well and very easily soweth itself."It is the more valuable, as it flowers during most of the summer.

There is a variety of it with white, and another with red flowers, both much inferior in size to those of the plant here figured, and therefore not worth cultivating; we have a variety also with variegated leaves which we obtained from seeds.

This plant is readily propagated by parting its roots in autumn, and may also be raised from seeds, which are plentifully produced: as it rarely exceeds a foot in height, it becomes a suitable plant for the small flower border, or for the decoration of rock-work.

The leaves when bruised have the smell of garden balm.

208Melissa Grandiflora
Melissa Grandiflora
Great-Flower'd Balm